Cave paintings highlighting Ancient Indian costumes

Cave paintings highlighting Ancient Indian costumes

The costumes and textiles of ancient India can be manifested in the ancient Buddhist scripts, murals in Ajanta Caves and the fascinating sculptures dating back to the Mauryan and the Gupta ages.

From the study of period 321 BC to 8th Century AD, i.e. from the Mauryan to the Gupta period, remarkable descriptions on the evolution of indigenous Indian costumes and coiffures are obtained. Over this period of rule, many dynasties emerged and declined in India like series of waves. The intermingling of these rising dynasties with the existing small kingdoms and change of ruling empires over the period of time resulted in fusion of cultures and crafts which largely influenced the costume styles prevalent during each period of rule.

Traversing through the sculptures and writings of the legends belonging to this era gives a thorough picture of the ancient costumes and the hierarchy of past traditions and techniques being adapted over the period of time. These most talked about dynasties projecting most precious and glorious period of ancient Indian costumes and coiffures are:

1. Maurya and Sunga Perioda (321 – 72 BC)

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2. Satavahana (Andhra) Period (200 B.C. – AD 250)

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3. Kushan Period (130 B.C. – AD 185)

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4. Gupta Period (Early Fourth to Mid-Eigth Centuary AD)

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