Karl Lagerfeld kept the designs themed after volcanic landscapes for this season featuring apocalyptic look.

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Drawbridges were raised at either end of the vast, 120-metre catwalk and the 65 models appeared in opposing waves, in a volcanic interpretation of 21st century ready-to-wear.

The look was tough and strong and as black as coal. The Chanel “cardigan” jacket was layered over loose black shirts, hanging out, over baggy man’s style trousers tucked into tweedy gaiters and sturdy workboots.

Hooded, floor-length, “magician’s” capes glistened with fiery-red or onyx-like crystals. A cream tweed cardigan-suit was worn over faded, skinny black jeans.

Mechanics’ boiler-suits came in industrial silver, and knitted maxi-dresses, with a hint of colour, had criss-cross braces at the back.

The evening wear, although occasionally offering a softer mood, with organza, tulle and metallic blue in evidence, generally followed the rebellious, tough-school theme.